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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

The rate debate

Tag Archives | evolution

Plants in flowerpots

Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

The rate debate

Many a late night has been spent over a glass of red at weeds conferences around the world debating whether high or low herbicide rates lead to faster resistance evolution. All weed scientists have an opinion on this issue, some of which are held very tightly. To some extent, the debate is still raging because the answer is not straight forward. The answer is both. As you can imagine, both sides of the debate are claiming victory! What we do know is that low herbicide rates have been documented to lead to rapid resistance evolution to Hoegrass®, Roundup® and Sakura®…

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Nature landscape of grass trees and sky

Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Think outside the drum

If herbicides alone were the answer to all of our weed problems we would have eradicated crop weeds years ago. Most of us now realise that to achieve true weed control success we need to add non-herbicide tools into the mix. It doesn’t matter which weed, which crop, or which country we are talking about, the benefits of good cultural practices apply everywhere. Some excellent long term Canadian research has confirmed how important it is to combine good cultural practices with herbicide use. The Agri-Food Canada trials show that after nine years of full herbicide rate, high barley seeding rate,…

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Wild Oat

Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Why do Wild Oats evolve resistance slowly?

Why is it that we can often kill wild oats (black oats) with grass sprays but the ryegrass in the same paddock evolved resistance to these herbicides years ago? The answer is in the genes. Ryegrass is like we humans – it must cross pollinate to reproduce and it has two copies of each gene (diploid). Wild oat is more like wheat – it mostly self-pollinates (88 to 100% self-pollination) and it has six copies of every gene (hexaploid). A single gene mutation can cause ryegrass to be resistant to a grass herbicide but it will have only a minor…

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