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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

2,4-D resistance does not affect the fitness of radish

Tag Archives | evolution

Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

2,4-D resistance does not affect the fitness of radish

Merv Hughes was not a fit-looking cricketer. Merv was a notorious consumer of food and alcohol, and it showed! Despite this, he was a successful professional sportsman. Mitchell Johnson, on the other hand, was the epitome of a fit, healthy fast bowler. But who had the better bowling average? You guessed it, big swervin’ Mervin!! 28.38 compared to Johnson’s 28.4. Ok, we’re splitting hairs here, but you get the picture, how fit you look is only part of the story. If you grew 2,4-D resistant radish in pots on its own, and compared that to the good old susceptible radish…

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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Mixing herbicides wins again

What sort of person goes to a cocktail party and sticks strictly to beer? A smart one! We all know that mixing drinks can hurt the next day. We can’t say the same for herbicide mixing though. The smart farmers and agronomists are mixing two or more herbicides targeting the same resistant weed to delay resistance and maximise weed control, and the science is supporting this approach. AHRI researcher Roberto Busi is a long-term advocate of herbicide mixing and in his recent paper which describes some computer modelling that he undertook with the help of Michael Renton.

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Canola field

Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Revealing canola’s super-powers

This AHRI Insight is a follow-up on an earlier article ‘Crops are doin’ it for themselves’ to where we investigated the complex interactions of competitive crops and their weed suppression powers. While that paper focused on cereals, in this one we will consider the mechanisms at play in canola, a crop from the mustard family, long known for its allelopathic ability and yet the exact mechanisms are still shrouded in mystery.

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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Keep mixing herbicides

Roberto recently completed a project with GRDC investment where he sampled ryegrass from 17 paddocks across eight farms in Western Australia to see if there are benefits of proactively testing for herbicide resistance.  Across these tests, he found ryegrass that was resistant to Clethodim (Select) or Butroxydim (Factor) but no ryegrass that was resistant to the mix of the two. The same went for the pre-emergent herbicides as well, no resistance to mixes.

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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

AHRI insight – the 100 is up!

We’re undecided whether we should picture the AHRI communication team cutting through a massive banner as we run onto the ground or raising our bats in the air at the MCG after a long day in the middle. It’s been a long innings and is one that we have enjoyed immensely. To celebrate the 100th AHRI insight we’re reflecting on what have been the big stories that got you excited and made the biggest impact.

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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

First report of propyzamide resistance

When your job is as an agronomist or weeds expert, it’s important to have a spectacular, weed-free lawn. Any agronomist worth their salt knows that propyzamide applied in autumn, just before the winter rains, is the answer to your winter grass (Poa annua) problems. Greenkeepers from the golf courses of the world also know how good propyzamide is on winter grass, or annual bluegrass as it’s known in the USA, and they liberally apply it at least once a year. It’ll come as no surprise to you that this practice has now resulted in the world’s first documented case of…

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Gayle Somerville, pre-em

Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Why do pre-em herbicides last so long before resistance bites?

Once in a while, someone comes along and asks a question that you have never given much consideration to. Like, “Why does beer garden beer taste so bad?” or “Why do hotels always give away piles of stuff except for what you actually need, like a toothbrush or a razor?” and “Why do our pre-emergent herbicides last longer than our post-emergent herbicides before resistance bites”? Sure, we had probably considered this question in the past, but many of us would have just assumed that the gene frequency for resistance to our pre-emergent herbicides was low. However, Gayle Somerville, who recently…

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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Mini-series – ‘Pre-emergent: A tale of four herbicides’ | Season Finale – Episode 4: ‘Redemption’

They said ‘yeah, it happened in the lab but that will never happen in real life’. The evil Busi said ‘I’m not a bad person, I’m not trying to create a monster, I just found something really bad and felt that I should tell you about it’. The naysayers said, ‘sure, just tell us when it happens in real life, then we’ll believe you’. Guess what, it happened! Dun dun duuuun!!!! Canadian researchers Mangin, Hall and Beckie have found wild oats that are resistant to Avadex®, and have never been sprayed with Sakura®, were found to be Sakura® resistant. This…

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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Mini-series: ‘Pre-emergent: A tale of four herbicides’ – Episode 3: ‘Phorate’

  Previously on ‘Pre-emergent: A tale of four herbicides’… In Episode 1, AHRI researcher Roberto Busi turned to the dark side and evolved Sakura resistance in the lab, and then found this had caused cross-resistance to Boxer® and Avadex®, creating the world’s most wanted criminal ryegrass population. In Episode 2, Busi teamed up with Todd Gaines and Martin Vila-Aiub. They found that the world’s most criminal ryegrass could share its resistance trait by passing on just one single gene. Fortunately, they found that this gene was semi-dominant. Now, in Episode 3, Busi is at it again, trying to correct his…

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Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

Mini-series – ‘Pre-emergent: A tale of four herbicides’ | Episode 2: ‘Incomplete dominance’

Many of our Australian readers would remember the great TV mini-series ‘Underbelly’ that exposed the underworld of Melbourne and Sydney. It got the whole country talking about Carl Williams and the Moran brothers, and the corruption in the police force. Similarly, our mini-series on pre-emergent herbicides will seek to reveal the underbelly of the herbicide world. We started this series a couple of years ago and plan to pick it up where we left off. ‘Pre-emergent: A tale of four herbicides’ has the whole of the Australian agricultural industry talking about cross-resistance, P450’s, GST’s, and the sting in the tail…

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